Paper title:

Automatic Multi-Level Thresholding Segmentation Based on Multi-Objective Optimization

Published in: Issue 2, (Vol. 6) / 2012
Publishing date: 2011-10-24
Pages: 24-31
Author(s): DJEROU L., KHELIL N., DEHIMI N. H., BATOUCHE M., BATOUCHE M.
Abstract. In this paper, we present a new multi-level image thresholding technique, called Automatic Threshold based on Multi-objective Optimization "ATMO" that combines the flexibility of multi-objective fitness functions with the power of a Binary Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm "BPSO", for searching the "optimum" number of the thresholds and simultaneously the optimal thresholds of three criteria: the between-class variances criterion, the minimum error criterion and the entropy criterion. Some examples of test images are presented to compare our segmentation method, based on the multi-objective optimization approach with Otsu’s, Kapur’s and Kittler’s methods. Our experimental results show that the thresholding method based on multi-objective optimization is more efficient than the classical Otsu’s, Kapur’s and Kittler’s methods.
Keywords: Binary Particle Swarm Optimization, Image Segmentation, Image Thresholding, Multi-objective Optimization, Non-pare To Approach.
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